Wednesday, March 30, 2011
Billion-plus people to lack water in 2050: study
More than one billion urban residents will face serious water shortages by 2050 as climate change worsens effects of urbanization, with Indian cities among the worst hit, a study said Monday.
The shortage threatens sanitation in some of the world's fastest-growing cities but also poses risks for wildlife if cities pump in water from outside, said the article in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The study found that under current urbanization trends, by mid-century some 993 million city dwellers will live with less than 100 liters (26 gallons) each day of water each -- roughly the amount that fills a personal bathtub -- which authors considered the daily minimum.
Adding on the impact of climate change, an additional 100 million people will lack what they need for drinking, cooking, cleaning, bathing and toilet use.
"Don't take the numbers as destiny. They're a sign of a challenge," said lead author Rob McDonald of The Nature Conservancy, a private environmental group based near Washington.
"There are solutions to getting those billion people water. It's just a sign that a lot more investment is going to be needed, either in infrastructure or in water use efficiency," he said.
Currently, around 150 million people fall below the 100-liter threshold for daily water use. The average American has 376 liters delivered a day, although actual use varies widely depending on region, McDonald said.
But the world is undergoing an unprecedented urban shift as rural people in India, China and other growing nations flock to cities.
India's six biggest cities -- Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai and Hyderabad -- are among those most affected by water shortages. The study forecast that 119 million people would face water shortages in 2050 in the Ganges River delta and plain alone.
With an annual monsoon, India does not lack water. But it struggles to preserve the water from the wet season to the dry season, McDonald said.
West Africa, which sees some of the world's heaviest rainfall, will also face water shortages in cities such as Lagos, Nigeria, and Cotonou in Benin, the study found.
The study warned of threats to ecosystems if developing nations take water from elsewhere. India's Western Ghats region, a potential source for thirsty cities, is home to nearly 300 fish species, 29 percent of which are found nowhere else, it said.
"If cities are essentially drinking rivers dry, that has really bad effects on the fish and the reptiles and everything else in the river," McDonald said.
Instead, the study recommended reforms to agriculture -- usually the top consumer of water -- and improved efficiency, as nearly half of the water in some poor countries is wasted due to leaks.
"There is a lot of potential for increase in water-use efficiency in the agriculture sector, or indeed in the residential sector, to solve most of this challenge," McDonald said.
The study said there would be a need for international funding to help poorer nations "to ensure that urban residents can enjoy their fundamental right to adequate drinking water."
UN-led talks last year on climate change agreed on practicalities to set up a global fund to assist poor nations most hit by climate change, with a target of 100 billion dollars a year starting in 2020.
Other cities forecast by the study to face a water crunch include Manila, Beijing, Lahore and Tehran.
LeBron James's triple double was not enough to help the Miami Heat overcome the lowly Cleveland Cavaliers, who beat the playoff bound Heat 102-90 on Tuesday.
James, who left Cleveland last season to join Miami as a free agent and was roundly booed by the crowd again -- he first returned home last December -- ended with 27 points, 12 assists and 10 rebounds.
The Cavaliers, who won 61 games last season but have struggled without James to a NBA worst 15-58 record so far this season, had built a 23-point lead during the game on Tuesday.
Miami, however, clawed back to tie the game at 83-83 with 7:01 to go, but Cleveland went on a 12-0 run to earn their surprising victory.
J.J. Hickson recorded 21 points and 12 rebounds and Anthony Parker added 20 points as the Cavaliers gave their hostile crowd much to cheer about.
Sunday, March 27, 2011
TATIZO NI NINI?
Kama mnaweza kucheka pamoja na kukumbatiana kwa furaha kwanini basi msiache hizo siasa za kijinga ili muwekeze bidii kwenye kuwaondolea wananchi matatizo yao? Wacheni malumbano ya kisiasa, sisi hayatatufikisha popote. Tunachohitaji ni UMEME, MAJI, ELIMU BORA, MAHOSIPITALI YANAYOELEWEKA, NYUMBA BORA NA MAISHA BORA KWA KILA MTANZANIA!!! ACHENI UBINAFSI.
Monday, March 14, 2011
Tuesday, March 8, 2011
Ni vizuri kwa kizazi cha sasa kikafahamu kwamba mpaka kufikia hapa tulipo, mababu na mabibi zetu walifehedheshwa na kukatiliwa sana na wageni waliovamia nchi zetu na kutufanya nusu wanyama. Hali hii bado haijesha na kama watapata nafasi tena bado watataka kututawala lakini kwa namna tofauti kabisa.
Machochezi tunayoyaona ya vurugu za wenyewe kwa wenyewe ni mojawapo tu ya njia hiyo ya kutaka kututawala kwa kuwatumia vibaraka ambao ni wenzetu kabisa. Ukoloni bado upo na hawa Wakoloni wanaitamani sana Afrika yetu kutokana na wingi wa rasilimali zake, kama vile mafuta, madini, wanyama pori n.k. Afrika inahitaji viongozi wasioyumbishwa na wenye mwelekeo.
Inastahajabisha sana kuona mpaka wa leo nchi nyingi za Afrika bado zina matatizo makubwa ya umeme, maji na chakula na bado hakuna ufumbuzi wa kweli wa matatizo haya. Hawa wakoloni wanaodai kuwa ni marafiki zetu na wako tayari kutusaidia kuleta maendeleo kwa kubadilishana na mafuta na madini yetu, kwa nini basi wasituondolee haya matatizo ya umeme, maji na chakula ili nasi tuwe kama wao?
China, Ulaya, Marekani na wengine wote bado nia yao ni ile ile!!
MAELFU WAFURIKA KUTIBIWA MAGONJWA SUGU LOLIONDO!
NI KWA MCHUNGAJI NA ANATIBU KISUKARI, SARAKATI, PUMU NA UKIMWI.
MAELFU ya watu, wakiwemo vigogo wa serikali, wabunge na wafanyabiashara wakubwa nchini, wamefurika katika Kijiji cha Samunge Tarafa ya Sale wilayani Ngorongoro kupata 'dawa ya maajabu ya Mungu' inayodaiwa kutibu magonjwa mengi sugu ikiwamo Ukimwi.
Helkopta za wafanyabiashara na magari zaidi ya 1,000 yakiwamo magari ya serikali, binafsi na mashirika ya kimataifa ikiwamo Umoja wa Mataifa (UN) na Jumuiya ya Afrika Mashariki, yamefurika katika kijiji hicho kilichopo umbali ya takriban kilometa 400 kutoka Jiji la Arusha.
Dawa hiyo, inatolewa na Mchungaji Mstaafu wa Kanisa la Kiinjili la Kilutheri Tanzania (KKKT), Ambilikile Mwasapile (76), ambaye anasema alioteshwa na Mungu kuitumia kutibu tangu mwaka 1991.
Mchungaji Mwasapile ambaye alifanya mahojiano na Mwananchi Jumapili nyumbani kwake wakati akiendendelea kutoa dawa kwa wagonjwa wake, anasema ndoto hiyo aliendelea kuota mara kadhaa hadi Agosti 26 mwaka jana alipoanza rasmi kutibu.
Anasema dawa hiyo inatokana na mti aina ya mugariga na yeye pekee ndiye anaweza kukupatia na kunywa kikombe kimoja pekee na ukinywa tu inaanza kazi ya kutibu maradhi sugu ya ukimwi, kisukari, pumu na saratani.
Mchungaji Mwasapile anasema gharama za dawa hiyo ni Sh500 tu na dozi yake ni kikombe kimoja tu na hairuhusiwi kurudia kuinywa. Kabla ya kukamilika mchungaji huyo huiombea dawa hiyo na kuichemsha katika majisafi.
“Mungu ameniotesha kutoa dawa hii kwa Sh 500 aliponiambia hata mimi nilishangaa. Kwanza aliniambia niwape watu wapone saratani, kisukari, pumu na magonjwa mengine na baadaye akanionyesha kuwa dawa hii niwape hata wagonjwa wa ukimwi na watapona,“ anasema Mwasapile. Habari hii imeandikwa Mussa Juma na Daniel Sabuni, Loliondo.Picha zote kwa hisani ya Aman Masue.
Friday, March 4, 2011
The Magic took control with a wild run that included 18 straight points during one stretch of the fourth quarter and then held on as Miami launched a pair of potential game-tying three-pointers in the game's final seconds.
Orlando, who scored a staggering 48 points from three-point range, got a team-high 24 points from Jason Richardson to move 3-1/2 games behind Miami for the Southeast Division lead.
LeBron James had 29 points and Dwyane Wade added 28 to lead the way for Miami, whose second-half collapse followed a solid opening half where the duo combined for 47 points as the Heat built a 63-45 lead at halftime.